Home weitere Infos Inhalt / Suche Copyright Impressum Datenschutz

 

Historical data

 


Mit uns im Dialog bleiben ...

... mit den ODF-Foren auf Yahoo ... auf YouTube ... auf twitter ... auf facebook ... auf meinVZ

weitere Infos


Preußische Allgemeine Zeitung
Preußische Allgemeine Zeitung - Klartext für Deutschland - 4 Wochen gratis testen - hier Klicken!


 

The indigenous Prussians

Historical data

2,500 B.C.
vImmigration of Stone age Indoeuropeans from central Europe to Bjelo- and Central Russia, confirmed by Baltic topographical and hydrographical names.

1,500 B.C.
During the Bronze age the Old Baltic culture separates into Eastern Balts Lithuanians, Latvians) and Western Balts (Prussians, Curonians).

750 B.C.
During the Iron age individual Prussian tribes develop - Sambia, Natangia, Galindia and Sudavia.

484 B.C.
The Greek Herodot writes about the Amber rich north of Europe.

100 B.C.
Gothic people push eastwards from the area of the lower river Weichsel to the river Passarge.

Christian era

350
The Eastern Goths subjugate the Prussians of Sambia.

400
A Slavonic expansion pushes the Balts to the north.

around 500
Friendly contacts of the Prussians with Theoderich, king of the Eastern Goths of Ravenna.

beginning 650
Repeated attacks by northern people into Prussia.

around 700
Masovians move into the area of the central Weichsel which was abandoned by the Goths.

992
Boleslaw I. of Poland makes frequently war to the Prussians, Selencians and Pommeranians which last until 1025.

997
Bishop Adalbert von Prag missions in Prussia, however due to his involvement with Boleslaw I. of Poland whose hostile record is well remembered, he is ordered to leave the country. Adalbert ignores the warning and when he returns he is killed on April 23.

1107 - 1115
Boleslaw III. attacks Southern Prussia.

1147 - 1161
Boleslaw IV. resumes the agressions of his predecessors on Prussia. 

around 1200
The Prussian population is estimated to count 200,000 persons. The Teutonic Order will settle later around 130,000 foreigners.

1209
The Cistersians monk Christian is ordained as the first Bishop in Prussia although Prussia has not yet been conquered.

1216 / 1217
Revenge attacks by Prussian tribes on Masovian territory.

1221
A Polish crusading army expells the Prussians from their homeland in Kulm and Löbau.

1226
The Polish Duke Conrad of Masovia calls for help against Prussians incursions at the Highmaster of the Teutonic Order and promises as reward the Prussian lands of Kulmer and Löbau.
Emperor Frederic II. entitles with the “Golden bull” the Teutonic Order to conquer and missionize the Land Prusa.

1230
Hermann Balk lands with delegates of the Teutonic Order at the Western bank of the river Weichsel.

1233
20,000 crusaders led by Heinrichs III. von Meißen conquers Prussian settlements around the area of the Old Truso next to the city of Elbing.

1239
The entire military forces of the Teutonic Order take the strategic important fortification of Honeda, destroy it and build a castle with the name of Balga.

1241
First coordinated defense efforts by the Prussian tribes to counter the attacks of the Teutonic Order.

1249
The conquered Prussian tribes of Pomesania, Warmia, Pogesania, North-Natangia and Bartia are forced to sign a treaty with the Order at Christburg, loosing property and many basic rights.

1254
King Ottokar of.Böhmen raids with 60.000 warriors through Sambia. One year later he founds the city of Königsberg.

1256
Rise of the Sambians, Nadrovians, Schalovians and Sudavians against the invaders.

1262
The Teutonic Order is defeated by the Prussian Herkus Monte at Pokarben. 

1272
Submission of Warmia, Natangia and Bartia by the Order.

1275
Herkus Monte is captured by treason and hanged in the forest.

1283
Skomand of Sudavia capitulates as the last Prussian freedom fighter ending a 53 year battle. Many Prussians flee to Lithuania and Masowia.

1308
High Master Siegfried von Feuchtwangen declares the use of the Prussian language illegal and punishes the native speakers severely.

1349
The Great Pestulence is carried into Prussia from the Orient.

1410
The battle of the Teutonic Order at Tannenberg against a Polisch-lithuaunian army results in a defeat for the Order and leaves 8.000 people dead.

1411
1. Peace treaty of Thorn makes the Order to give up the territory of Samogaiten and forces to pay 100.000 bohemian Gröscher to Poland.

1431 - 1433
Raids by Poland and by Hussites into Prussia.

1453 - 1466
13 year war between the Order and Poland.

1466
2. Peace treaty of Thorn with the loss of West-Prussia. Königsberg becomes the Seat of the High Master.

1525
The treaty of Krakau ends the war between the Teutonic Order and Poland. Prussia becomes a duchy.

1544
Duke Albrecht founds the Königsberg University.

1545
The first book in the Prussian language is printed in Königsberg.

1618
Brandenburg inherits the Duchy of Prussia.

1701
King Friedrich I. crowns himself in Königsberg as King in Prussia, not as King of Prussia.

1772
King Friedrich II. degrades Prussia to a province, but uses the name „Prussia“ for his entire possessions.

1861
2nd Prussian coronation in Königsberg 

1939
Begin of World War II. in (East)Prussia.

1945
Expulsion of the population of (East)Prussia and placing of the territory under the temporary administration of Poland, Russia and Lithuania.
 

www.Tolkemita.de.vu


Historical data Tolkemita e.V.


zur Landsmannschaft Ostpreußen

Ostpreußen
Erleben Sie Tradition
mit Zukunft

zur Preußischen Allgemeinen Zeitung / Das Ostpreußenblatt zum Preußischen Mediendienst

Die Träger des Ostdeutschen Diskussionsforums:

Bund junges Ostpreußen (BJO)

Arbeitsgemeinschaft Junge Gereration im BdV-NRW
Junge Generation
im BdV NRW

Landsmannschaft Ostpreußen
Landesgruppe Nordrhein-Westfalen e.V.
 
Ostpreußen-TV
über 4,3 Millionen Videoaufrufe

Landsmannschaft Ostpreußen - Landesgruppe NRW

Deutsch / German / allemand English / Englisch français / französisch      

Copyright © 2002-2018  Ostdeutsches Diskussionsforum (ODF)

Stand: 07. Juli 2018

zur Feed-Übersicht